Popular Frameworks in Java in 2024: Key Features, Advantages and Disadvantages

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Popular Frameworks in Java in 2024: Key Features, Advantages and Disadvantages

The landscape of Java development keeps evolving continuously. The frameworks are important in simplifying the development process, improving productivity, and providing code maintainability. As of 2024, several Java frameworks have attained importance due to their vigorous features and versatility. In this article, we will explore some of the popular Java frameworks and their key features, advantages, and potential disadvantages.

Collection of Frameworks In Java

Before diving straight into the list of frameworks for Java development, we have to understand that Java is a backend technology, and developers can experience and utilize various Java frameworks for backend development. A website’s server side is called the backend.

It handles data, organizes it, and ensures the website’s client side works correctly. It is the website region you cannot enter or view. To enforce this, developers utilize top backend technologies, which was the soul of the Java framework. Do you know what Java frameworks are?

A Java framework is the body of predefined codes utilized by developers to create applications on the web. These frameworks in Java development are categories and works that regulate hardware, process input, and communicate with system applications. Java frameworks comprise pre-written codes and libraries that enable the developer to create an application without writing all the code separately. At the same time, the latter is open source.

Java frameworks are also known as libraries and APIs.

Top Frameworks In Java

Now, let us have a look at the latest web frameworks in Java for 2024. These Java frameworks for web development are the top options for dedicated development teams all over the world:

1) Spring Framework

Image of Spring FrameworksKey Features:

  • Extensive modular framework for developing enterprise applications.
  • Gives ample support for dependency injection, aspect-oriented programming, and transaction management.
  • Provides a wide range of modules such as Spring Core, Spring MVC, Spring Boot, Spring Security, etc., catering to different development requirements.
  • Simplifies integration with other frameworks and libraries through its lightweight and adaptable architecture.


  • It allows the quick development of scalable and maintainable applications.
  • It facilitates loose coupling between components, facilitating straightforward testing and refactoring.
  • It provides outstanding community support, comprehensive documentation, and an extensive ecosystem of third-party extensions.
  • It seamlessly integrates with other technologies like Hibernate, JPA, and RESTful services.


  • The initial learning curve, particularly for novices, is because of its ample features and configurations.
  • Dependency management can become complicated in bigger projects.
  • In some cases, the overhead of annotations and XML configurations may lead to verbose code.

2) Hibernate

Image of Hibernate Java Framework

Key Features:

  • Object-relational mapping (ORM) framework that makes database interactions simple by mapping Java classes to database tables.
  • Delivers transparent diligence, permitting developers to work with Java objects rather than SQL queries.
  • Endorses different database vendors and dialects, providing portability across various environments.
  • Features caching tools to enhance performance and lessen database round trips.


  • It speeds up development by wiping out the necessity for boilerplate JDBC code.
  • Improves code readability and maintainability by summarizing database interactions.
  • Provides automatic schema generation and management, lessening manual intervention.
  • Promotes database-independent development, allowing seamless migration across platforms.


  • Performance overhead in specific scenarios due to the complexness of object-relational mapping.
  • Abrupt learning curve, particularly for developers new to ORM concepts.
  • Inflexible control over SQL queries generated by the framework may cause optimization challenges in complicated scenarios.

3) Apache Struts

Image of Apache Struts Framework

Key Features:

  • MVC (Model-View-Controller) framework for creating web applications.
  • It offers built-in support for form validation, data binding, and internationalization.
  • Promotes pristine alienation of worries by splitting the application into model, view, and controller segments.
  • Incorporates seamlessly with other Java technologies such as JSP, Servlets, and custom tags.


  • Well-built framework with a gigantic user base and comprehensive documentation.
  • Facilitates code reusability and maintainability through its modular architecture.
  • Provides strong security features, incorporating built-in protection against common web susceptibility.
  • Simplifies the creation of enterprise-grade web applications with its convention-over-configuration strategy.


  • It is a fairly static development compared to newer frameworks like Spring Boot.
  • Fixed support for web development methods such as RESTful APIs and client-side rendering.
  • Complicated configuration and steep learning curve for novices, particularly in bigger projects.

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4) Micronaut

Image of Micronaut Framework

Key Features:

  • Light and modular framework for developing microservices and serverless applications.
  • Uses compile-time dependency injection and ahead-of-time (AOT) compilation for enhanced performance.
  • Delivers native backing for cloud-native development, service discovery, configuration management, and distributed tracing.
  • Provides seamless integration with famous technologies such as GraalVM, Kafka, and Netflix OSS components.


  • Quicker startup time and lessened memory footprint corresponded to conventional frameworks like Spring Boot.
  • Allows efficient resource utilization in containerized settings, making it well-suited for microservices architecture.
  • Simplifies testing and deployment through its built-in support for containerization and serverless platforms.
  • Facilitates developer productivity with attributes like automatic bean discovery and dependency injection.


  • Fixed community support and ecosystem approximated to more conventional frameworks like Spring.
  • Less mature than older frameworks, potentially causing compatibility problems or lack of particular traits.
  • Needs understanding of reactive programming paradigms for optimal utilization in particular systems.

5) Vert.X

Image of Vert.x Frameworks

Key Features:

  • Polyglot event-driven application framework for developing reactive applications.
  • I endorse programming languages like Java, Kotlin, Groovy, and JavaScript.
  • Lightweight and highly scalable.
  • Delivers non-blocking IO and concurrency support.
  • Appropriate for developing asynchronous and distributed systems.


  • High performance and low resource consumption.
  • Adaptable and modular architecture.
  • Endorses reactive programming model for dealing with concurrent recommendations.
  • Incorporates well with other frameworks and libraries.


  • Needs a good knowledge of asynchronous programming concepts.
  • Fixed adoption compared to more mainstream frameworks.
  • It has a shorter community and ecosystem compared to Spring or Jakarta EE.


Java frameworks keep evolving constantly to meet the ever-changing needs of contemporary software development. Every framework delivers unusual features, benefits, and trade-offs to meet the various use cases and development preferences. A Java framework is available to fulfil your demands in 2024, whether you prioritize scalability, performance, or developer productivity. By having an insight into every framework’s key features and considerations, developers can make proper decisions while choosing the appropriate tool for their projects, assuring success in today’s dynamic software landscape.

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