Selenium WebDriver Web Automation Using Python

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Selenium WebDriver Web Automation Using Python

What is Selenium?

Selenium is a free and open-source automation testing toolkit for web applications running on a variety of platforms and browsers. Using the Selenium framework, you may interact with HTML components on any website. Instead of only gathering data from a webpage, Selenium allows us to interact with the elements.

What is Python?

Python is a server-side web development, software development, mathematics, and system scripting programming language.

It is also well-liked for rapid application development and as a scripting or glue language to connect existing components due to its high-level, built-in data structures, dynamic typing, and dynamic binding. Python’s simple-to-learn syntax and emphasis on readability lower the expenses associated with program maintenance. The ability to use modules and packages in Python also makes it easier to reuse code and create modular programs. Python is an open-source community language, therefore a huge number of independent programmers are constantly generating libraries and features for it.

Using Python with Selenium WebDriver: Why?

  • Web, UI, and mobile app automation are simple.
  • Test web services and REST APIs.
  • A simple transition to Behaviour Driven Development (BDD) or Test Driven -Development (TDD) approach to testing, among many other characteristics.
  • Compared to other programming languages, runs faster.
  • Today’s industry uses Python extensively to create tools, applications, and APIs because it is a high-level language.

Visit the Python website to download and install Python


How to Python Steps?

  • Step 1: Download the most recent Python version

image of Python latest version for Windows

  • Step 2: Install Python To install Python, launch the.exe file after the download is complete. Click Install Now to continue.

Install 64-bit python 

  • Step 3: Python Installed Python is currently being installed

Setup progress for Python

  • Step 4:  When it’s finished, a screen stating that the Setup was successful will appear. Select “Close” at this point.

Python setup successful image 

How to set up Selenium WebDriver?

We need an IDE to launch projects before installing Selenium WebDriver. Pycharm IDE is undoubtedly the best IDE tool for Python created by JetBrains.

It is accessible at  for download.

Select “Download Now” to start the Community Edition download.

Choose a browser: Writing test scripts for all the major browsers, including Mozilla Firefox, Google Chrome, Internet Explorer, Opera, Safari, and headless browsers, is achievable using Selenium automation. Visit this website  to see the browsers that Selenium supports.

image of selenium support platforms


Now, complete the steps below to run the scripts with, say, Google Chrome:

  • Install ChromeDriver server.
  • Save the files you’ve extracted from to your local computer.
  • Use the ChromeDriver server’s path in the test script.
  • Start the script

ChromeDriver latest release image

How Does Internal Selenium Automation Operate?

In order for Selenium WebDriver to function, orders are sent to the browser drivers through the WebDriver API, and the browsers themselves then carry out those commands. By use of the browser-specific APIs that the browser vendors have made available, the browser drivers interact with the web browser.

Image of selenium webdriver architect

Syntax of Locators Elements in Selenium Python









For find multiple elements , we use    find_element_*

Python Script for Selenium-Open Google Page

from selenium import webdriver

from import Service

from selenium.webdriver.common.keys import Keys

from import ChromeDriverManager

import time

driver = webdriver.Chrome()





print("test Completed")

Sign in google 

When we run this script, the Chrome browser will open with

Good to Read:- How to Invoke Chrome Browser and Load Website to Automate?

Python Script for Selenium – Login Into Facebook

from selenium import webdriver

from import By

from selenium.webdriver.common.keys import Keys

from import ChromeDriverManager

import time

driver = webdriver.Chrome()

user_name = 'User email id'

password = 'User password'


Search_box = driver.find_element(By.ID, 'email')


Search_box = driver.find_element(By.ID ,'pass')




facebook login image 

When we run this script, The Facebook login page will open.


Python is the ideal choice for Selenium testing due to its ease of use. Most organizations choose the former because of its straightforward programming syntax. Unlike other programming languages, Python makes it easier to develop Selenium scripts. PyTest, a Python Selenium framework, is the ideal option for complicated functional tests.

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